The above map represents a time in Europe's history where you could travel over land from the continent of Europe to Britain and Ireland
And the animals below roamed over these lands with white European Ice Age hunters, there were no nations as we know today, no country called Ireland, Brittan, Germany, Russia, Spain, yet there were nations, tribal nations. These are groups of people who came together who controlled, protect their members of the community and hunting areas from other tribes. This would have occurred from the first people that moved into Europe
The Animals below are the Animals they hunted and some of these animals, Bears, Lions hunted some of these human hunters. We must remember that wolves lived during this period would have most likely hunted man when given the opportunity, but over the centuries we wiped out these particular wolves and the ones that walk among us today are the timid ones.
So, if i have this right... Earth has been in a continuous Ice Age for about 3 Million years now, with the warmer inter-glacial periods averaging 15,000 years long, and the glacial periods averaging more like 100,000 years? And with archeologists estimating the current modern human form being some 80,000 to 100,000 years old, older hominid forms prior to modern man, like Cro-magnon or Neanderthals, being less anatomically evolved. Not that remnants of the Neanderthal race have entirely disappeared... Modern humans carry about 2% Neanderthal DNA in them. So if over the next few thousand years the Milankovich Cycle sends Earth back into the glacial period for 100k years, what would work migration of 10 Billion people & warfare be like given the inability to live in glacial areas?
Many Europeans (Whites) know very little about the animals their ancient ancestors hunted and the following images can help in remedying this.There were a diverse number of animals that European Caucasians hunted throughout the Ice Age including Bison, Wild Horses, Cave Lions, Cave Bears, Wolves, Wild Cattle, Red Deer, Roe Deer, Fallow Deer, Beaver and Mammoth Elephants.
The animals of Europe are very similar to, or the same as animals found in North America. Europe also has Beaver, Lynx, as well as a number of deer including Reindeer, Elk (known as a Moose in USA and Canada), Black and Brown Bears, White Swans, Hares and Rabbits, Wolverines, Stout and Weasels.
Europe's animals have had some irreversible extinctions including the Cave Bear, Woolly Mammoth, Woolly Rhinoceros and Giant Deer. Scientists have spent considerable time on re-wilding initiatives in Europe with plans to reinvigorate the megafauna populations. They have successfully reintroduced European Bison (pictured right). In the Ice Age bison lived on open tundra, today they live in forest areas and during the First World War the numbers were decimated and only through careful and selective breeding have their numbers risen to roughly 3,000 today.
They have also successfully brought back the Musk Oxen into Scandinavian regions. The Brown bear (pictured left), are found in North America, and Europe.
Hairy Rhino (pictured right) ,unfortunately the Woolly Rhino is now extinct, its skeletons are found occasionally.
The Permafrost of Siberia in Russia Hides the Mummified Remains of Ice Age Animals.
The thick permafrost in Russian Siberia hides the mummified remains of ice age animals. In some cases, entire buried carcasses that have been shrunken and desiccated down to a natural mummified state have been dug up. Here are 10 such frozen mummies that tell us how these animals lived and looked during the Ice Age.
"Did you ever wake up from a long nap feeling a little disoriented, not quite knowing where you were? Now, imagine getting a wake-up call after being "asleep" for 42,000 years."
this makes a lot of sense. If they were anything at all like elephants, mammoths would need an enormous amount of grassland to thrive. A widespread change to that ecosystem would be all that was necessary to doom them. Hunting? Sure, but how many Homo Sapiens people that area even today? Siberia isnt exactly Macau or the Netherlands!
Many a time the thick permafrost of Siberia and Alaska hides the mummified remains of many types of large and small ice age animals. In some cases, entire buried carcasses that have been shrunken and desiccated down to a natural mummified state have been dug up. Here is an updated list of 17 such frozen mummies that tell us how these animals lived and looked through the Ice Age.
1- Steppe Bison known as Blue Babe … 36,000 Years old Carcass
2- Cave Lion Cub (Boris, male) … 50,000 Years old carcass
3- Cave Lion Cub (Sparta, female)… 26,000 Years old carcass
4- Sasha, Baby Woolly Rhinoceros … 10,000 Years old carcass
5- The Yuka Mammoth … 39,000 Years old carcass
6- Cave bear ... 39,000 Years Old Carcasses
7- The Kolyma Woolly Rhinoceros …39,000 Years old carcass
8- The Yukagir Bison … 9,300 Years old carcass
9- Siberian Horse Foal … 40,000 Years old Carcass
10- Sopkarga mammoth (Zhenya Mammoth) …. 48,000 Years old carcass
11- Ice Age Wolf Puppy … 50,000 Years old Carcass
12- Abyysky Woolly Rhinoceros… 20,000 Years old carcass
13- The Yukagir Mammoth … 22,500 Years old carcass
14- Lyuba The Woolly Mammoth … 41,800 Years old carcass
15- Dogor Ice Age Canid … 18,000* Years old carcasses
The domestication of horses from their wild ancestors is a long and complex story. In this video, we take a look at the relationship between our species in the past, exploring how horses were domesticated and changed human history forever.
Equus is the only extant genus of the family Equidae, surprisingly, there are three subgenera, Asinus (Donkeys), Equus (True Horses), and Hippotigris (Zebras), interestingly the Donkeys (subgenus Asinus) are the most basal subgenus within the genus Equus, while the zebras (subgenus Hippotigris) are the sister group to the true horses (subgenus Equus), in fact the subgenus Equus contains two species, the Tarpan (Equus ferus) and the Przewalski's Horse (Equus przewalskii), the former cladistically includes the Domestic Horse (Equus ferus caballus).
Horse Hunting around that Solutray (?) French cliff en route between the rivers and Massif Central, likely was a long-lived cultural tradition, were tribes from miles around convened to go hunting the yearly horse trek together. Cliff top gave a unique viewpoint miles around, so one could see the herds coming down the valleys, or better, see the smoke / fire signs from scouts further up on the trek route. Using small fires or even hunter groups posted visibly on the horses route*, they could then split off smaller herds which were then lead to the cliff face to finish them off. * Horses are easily scared of unusual, new things, and a loud group of scouts will easily make them go an other way -where hunters want them to go.
Such large hunting events might have been a sort of potlatch, the most successful chiefs throwing parties for others, perhaps even inviting guests from far off regions, exchanging gifts and bride partners and showing off valuable hides from cave lions, sabre tooth or rare, hard to catch smaller animals.
The many great cave pictures of horses confirm a mythical status, which it would have had as center piece of the yearly hunt. Only as a cultural tradition, such a place could have had such a long life as favored hunting & butcher location, and for the peoples around, there would have been a sort of cult around the horses, the bringer of food and welfare.
Scientists might want to check the horse's teeth or bones for season signs, as most likely it would be the autumn trek that was targeted, the beasts being fat and healthy after the summer - and, a good time for a party with warm evenings and the need to fatten up for the winter, also for us humans ;)
There was only thing missing in your video is that in studying horse DNA only about 10%percent of the original male DNA exist today where 90% of the female original DNA exist. They can now trace the female horses DNA of individuals back to their original herd.
I found this by studying to write the ancient history of my Sarmatian tribe DNA. We must have been using the male horses in battle through the centuries. But the fact that we can trace the females back to their original herd, which will maybe lead to us Slavs finding our original horse herd as well. I can tell you that the herd may family was last attached to was in 1400 A.D. when the Tartars invaded eastern Europe and The Polish Hussars came riding out to find all the Slavic herdsmen to defend against the invading Tartars.
What is interesting my name sake became the archery commander during the last battle with the Tartars and won a place in Poland and the Hussars. I even know the name of the clan that found my herd and brought us to Pomerania Poland. I even know the coat of arms he won as the archer commander. For the herdsmen were not trained as well as Hussars when they would be found.
A perfectly preserved foal belonging to the extinct Lenskave horse species was dug from its icy grave in the Batagai depression or crater in Russia earlier this month. Scientists stumbled across the immaculately preserved youngster when they were working on the remains of ancient woolly mammoths and hope that by studying the remains they can recreate an image of the landscape 40,000 years ago.
Spring brown bear hunting on the Alaska Peninsula. Billy and hunter, Bobby Morgan, watch and film a giant boar fight a sow and kill her young cubs. Billy and Bobby stalk the old boar the following morning.
"The cave bear (Ursus spelaeus) was a species of bear that lived in Europe and Asia during the Pleistocene and became extinct about 24,000 years ago during the Last Glacial Maximum. Both the word "cave" and the scientific name spelaeus are used because fossils of this species were mostly found in caves. The cave bear's range stretched across Europe; from Spain and Great Britain in the west, Italy, parts of Germany, Poland, the Balkans, Romania and parts of Russia, including the Caucasus; and northern Iran."
"Between the years 1917 and 1923, the Drachenloch cave in Switzerland was excavated by Emil Bächler. The excavation uncovered more than 30,000 cave bear skeletons. The unusual finding in a deep chamber of Basua Cave in Savona, Italy, is thought to be related to cave bear worship by Neanderthals, as there is a vaguely zoomorphic stalagmite surrounded by clay pellets."
The severed head of a wolf that died about 40,000 years ago has been found in Siberia perfectly preserved in the Siberian permafrost.
Press AssociationJune 14, 20195:11am
Russian scientists have found the furry head of an Ice Age wolf perfectly preserved in the Siberian permafrost.
The head, which died 40,000 years ago, was discovered in the Russian Arctic region of Yakutia.
Valery Plotnikov, a top researcher at the local branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, said the animal belonged to an ancient subspecies of wolf that lived at the same time as the mammoths and became extinct alongside them.
Scientists said it was an adult, about 25 per cent bigger than today's wolves, but did not say whether it was male or female.
Mr Plotnikov called the discovery unique because scientists previously only had found wolf skulls without tissues or fur, while this head has ears, a tongue and a perfectly preserved brain. END
Wolves in Chernobyl Dead Zone Wolves and other wildlife are living in the 30km 'dead zone,' which still surrounds the remains of the reactor in the city of Chernobyl near Belarus. This video shows bison, wild horses, beavers, bears, lynx and wolves that were hunted by Europeans many centuries ago
Brown bear hunting Bear hunting has long traditions in Scandinavia. It is a very thrilling hunt, but maybe not suitable for anyone. You've got to have guts!
Brown bear hunting and the Sami traditions and mythology "Listen to your ancestors. Listen to tales from an age gone by - a long, long time ago as the legend goes there was a time when animals could talk when they behaved like us. There was a time when even the plants and the stones had a voice, a time when plants and animals were our brothers and sisters. There was a time when we worshiped the bear... a creature that has always lived side by side with us"
Picture on the right showing wild Cattle and horses was paintedover 15,000 years ago by Ice Age Europeans, and this cave complex can be found in Southwest France and contains some of the most remarkable Palaeolithic cave paintings in the world.
Paleontologists are struggling to salvage precious prehistoric bones discarded by mammoth-ivory hunters in Russia's remote Yakutia region. When hunters extract valuable tusks from the skeletons of the ancient buried animals, they also destroy evidence of past life on Earth. Scientists can't stop this illegal work, but they bargain and scavenge to preserve natural history. Originally published at - https://www.rferl.org/a/mammoth-tusks...
Wild Wolverine filmed from Lake/Paradise/Forest Hide at Wildlife Safari Finland. My attempt to show the day of the Wolverine which are very afraid of Bears and mostly come when it is dark to eat before the Bears comes.
These are the 10 Interesting Facts About Wolverines You Must Know. Here, we are presenting interesting facts about Wolverines which is a beautiful animal in the nature. It is not about Wolverines movie or Wolverines red dawn but the secret information about Wolverines is as interesting as Wolverines vs deadpool. If you are Wolverines' biggest fan you will like this video.
Video of a wolverine attacking and badly hurting a reindeer. We can see the reindeer fighting hard against the wolverine, but the wolverine jumps up and bites the reindeer in the neck. The reindeer barely escapes after the film ends, with severe injuries. The video is considered extremely rare, almost no footage at all exists of a wolverine hunting!
As cities grow and encroach on some of nature’s greatest wonders, how do we protect the habitat and animals that call it home? The Caucasus Nature Reserve is unique with its huge territory and diverse wildlife – and it’s cultivating an innovative program to reintroduce Persian leopards into the wild. Inland Visions heads to the mountains of Krasnaya Polyana to learn more about what they do – and meet those helping these beautiful creatures slowly return to their rightful home.
"When modern humans first wandered into Europe some 50,000 years ago, this snaggle-toothed cat was there to greet them.
Painstaking genetic analysis of a jawbone dredged up from the bottom of the North Sea has now confirmed the theory that the so-called scimitar cat Homotherium latidens lived in Europe much longer than previously believed.
Until recently, the earliest fossil of a Homotherium in the region dated to about 300,000 years ago, and many paleontologists had assumed that’s when the large cat went locally extinct."
Saber Tooth cats lived in the Americans, northern Asia and Europe.
For the record it's saber tooth CAT not TIGER. they were only distantly related to tigers they weren't even a member of the family PANTERA LEO (tigers, lions, leopards, jaguars). they were a branch of the feline family that is gone completely. and it's highly unlikely they were striped.
I live in Southern California I have been to the Rancho La Brea tar pits museum. The Tar pits were and still are lethal for animals. So many ice age predators are found there. The Short Faced Bear The American Lion Dire Wolves Sabertooth Cats as well as the prey they fed on. It's hard to believe as little as 11,000 years ago the Deserts in California Nevada and Arizona were vast areas of Forests and grassy plains and many species thrived but now are gone. The Forests and grass plains are gone replaced by arid dry deserts.
There was an experiment done a few years ago by a scientist, can't remember the name, who built a jaw out of metal put it on a small tractor and was able to try different methods of biting, in the stomach/ flank, and the neck. They were able to work out that the neck bite would rip the large blood vessels and windpipe. The flank bite would not work, because it put too much strain on the teeth and could break them. It was a interesting video. It was a very in-depth study of how the cat made the kills.
Members of the genus Smilodon are more properly nicknamed "saber-toothed lions" because their behavior is far more similar to that of lions than tigers, with Smilodon species known to hunt in groups called prides, which are mostly made of females with fewer fully grown males, like with lions, infanticide is present after the original lead males are defeated, mainly so they would ensure own progeny, however, despite common names, saber-toothed cats are a wholly distinct subfamily (Machairodontinae) from modern cats (subfamily Felinae), hence the division of cats (family Felidae) into only three recognized subfamilies: †Proailurinae (Primitive Cats), †Machairodontinae (Saber-Toothed Cats), and Felinae (Modern Cats).
I think the issue of how the saber-toothed cats used their teeth has been been pretty well figured out. It can't be confirmed through observation, of course, but given the relative fragility of the teeth, we know they couldn't have been used to bit down on bone, so biting down to break a prey animal's neck is not a possibility -- and those dagger-like teeth wouldn't have helped in doing that anyway. The length, the sharp inner edge, and the powerful body all argue very compellingly for an ambush predator who uses its massive, powerful body -- more robustly built, and much stronger than other big cats -- to grab on and hold on, and possibly to wrestle prey down, to deliver a bite almost certainly to the soft tissues of the prey's throat. This would avoid breaking those teeth on bone, and the prey would quickly asphyxiate and/or bleed out from severed blood vessels. The throat is the only target that makes sense -- the prey's belly would be equally soft and unlikely to break those teeth, but that wouldn't result in a swift enough kill. Any other targets would probably be too well protected by bone for a smilodon to try and bite there, and risk breaking its teeth.
Also arguing for this is the comparatively weak bite they had. I know in the video, that one paleontologist noted the larger attachment area on the skull for the jaw muscles, and deduced they had a powerful bite, but I've read elsewhere that they had comparatively weak bites, because the zygomatic arches, through which the jaw muscles pass, are fairly small, and thus limit the size of the jaw muscle. This makes perfect sense if they are using their sharp teeth to slice through soft tissue; a super-powerful bite isn't at all necessary for that. The slicing action of the teeth would do the work, not the power of the bite, and this also accounts for how those teeth developed a sharp inner edge to make them better slicers of soft tissue.
Smilodon ultimately went extinct because it was just too specialized a predator. It was evolved beautifully to tackle the large megafauna of Pleistocene. But once they began to disappear, also thanks to the changing climate no doubt, it was simply too specialized to adapt and switch to smaller, fleeter prey.
Sabre tooth didn't kill it's prey with a bite, it killed it's prey with it's mouth closed and sneaking in an ambush attack with stabbing with an axe-swaying motion style of it's sabre tooth on it's prey's vital parts.
While interesting... some of the information in this is rather dated. More recent tests on the skulls have actually found that Smilodon actually had a weaker bite force ton an African Lion, which is quite telling, when the Smilodon species in California at the end of the Pleistocene was about the same size as the Siberian Tiger, with a max weight over 600 pounds, and Smilodons in South America at around the same time were even larger. But they had a proportionately weaker bite force than those of Pantherine cats.
"Cave Lions once lived all across Europe, Asia and even in North America and were clearly important to early humans. But what did these animals look like? Why did they go extinct? And how did people interact with them?"
When you look at this picture and see a man at 83kg and a lion ranging from 180 to 400kg, it would make you question how people back then defended themselves against lion attacks. Today's so-called experts have said the Neanderthals only had spear stabbers, not throwing spears. Many find it hard to believe Neanderthals didn't have a type of throwing weapon. I think they would have used wooden spear thrower to deliver wooden sticks with sharp points to hunt game and to defend themselves. Lions and Wolves must have killed many Neanderthals and Ice Age White Europeans.
Ice Age White Europeans painted female and male lions in Europe.
Very interesting! Pleistocene megafauna, particular those in Europa, always fascinated me. Even wrote my final project on them. Cave lions are fascinating for sure. Would you perhaps cover some of their fellow megafauna from that time and place? Such as their fierce rivals, the cave hyenas? Some new research suggests that cave hyenas were the most common and dominant predator of Pleistocene Europe. Here's a compliation of scources. https://www.deviantart.com/anonymousllama428/journal/Mammoth-steppe-carnivore-ecology-645479135 It also has, in addition to hyenas, also some pretty interesting information on the likes of bears, dholes, homotheriums, cave lions, cave leopards and wolves.
Ice Age Lion
Third picture, Extinct baby cave lions, discovered in Siberia
An analysis of the microscopic wear on the teeth of the legendary “man-eating lions of Tsavo” reveals that it wasn’t desperation that drove them to terrorize a railroad camp in Kenya more than a century ago.
It's been proven in recent years that after testing the skulls that they didn't kill anywhere near 135 people. One lion killed roughly 40 people and the other about half of that. Both of the lions' had missing canines so they couldn't hunt their usual prey. The cave from the movie was a burial site, not a den where the lions lived and ate. Their skulls and hides are in the Fields Museum in Chicago. Great movie but a lot of liberties were taken to make it seem much worse than the truth.
Capercaillie display in Mykland county in Froland, Norway. The capercaillie male had 20 matings this day. Tiurleik i Mykland våren 2010. På denne leiken var det 7 tiur og trolig omkring 20 røy. Denne dagen paret sjefen 20 ganger.
He just keeps going around displaying and the females are all ready to mate with him and he just walks around them like they aren't there. The look on the females faces is: what the heck I said OK let's go and you just walk away. Maybe he has to rejuvenate himself after each mating.
Ravens - Intelligent Rascals of the Skies | Free Wildlife Documentary
Hardly any other species of bird has preoccupied mankind quite as much as corvids. They are exceptionally curious, teachable and intelligent birds. Ravens are the only birds that not only use tools, but also make them themselves. Many live in close, social structures and remain with one partner throughout their lives. This HD production presents many new and fascinating insights into the world of corvids: Alpine choughs in the winter world of the high mountains, rook colonies in towns, or the small, intelligent jackdaw, jays, hooded crows and of course, the king of the corvids, the northern raven. The raven is not just the world's largest songbird, but increasingly continues to surprise science due to its extraordinary intelligence.
Fables and Facts about RAVENS. If they had magical powers and could turn into humans, they’d be the kid in your class who never does homework, and when they’re asked to review yesterday’s assignment, they recite Aristotles. And somehow, they’ll get away with it because they’ll cock their heads, shake those velvety black feathers ? and charm everyone. Mischievous smart.We’ve curated a small list of mystical tales, trivia and legends swirling about these carrions.
1. Considered to be birds of the gods. Odin, highest of the Norse Gods, sent his two ravens out into the world to collect information for him. He was also able to transform himself into a raven
2. In many cultures and religions throughout the centuries, ravens are symbols of wisdom and age old knowledge. Along with wolves, ravens are considered divine creatures
3. According to legend, the Kingdom of England will fall if the ravens of the Tower of London are removed. At least six ravens are in residence and have been for centuries (except for once and then the kingdom did fall)
4. In Europe during Medieval times, ravens became outcasts and symbols of foreboding and death. So, of course, the population was decimated. Who told them to do it? The church. ?
5. The raven also has a prominent role in the mythologies of the indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest. Myth says one raven is the creator raven, responsible for bringing the world into being and who is sometimes considered to be the individual who brought light to the darkness. The other is the childish raven, always selfish, sly, conniving, and hungry.
6. In Greek mythology, ravens are associated with Apollo, the god of prophecy. Apollo sent a white raven, or crow to spy on his lover, Coronia. When the raven brought back the news that Coronis had been unfaithful to him, Apollo scorched the raven in his fury, turning the animal's feathers black. That's why ravens are black today.
7. Ravens are considered to be among the world's most intelligent animals.
8. Remarkable trivia: They hide nuts. And months later remember exactly where they hid it.
9. They cluster together at night. Crows gather in large communal roosts numbering between 200 and tens of thousands of individuals during non-breeding months, particularly in the winter.
10. Crows and Ravens have demonstrated the ability to distinguish individual humans by recognizing facial features.
11. Crows vs Ravens: they have a lot of similarities. Both are extremely intelligent and playful. Ravens have at least 7 different calls and can imitate the calls of other birds. Stunt flying is also part of their repertoire: flying upside down, barrel-rolling, somersaults. You know, to impress. How kickass is that? Enjoy! Available worldwide except GAS
"Hardly any other species of bird has preoccupied mankind quite as much as corvids. They are exceptionally curious, teachable and intelligent birds. Ravens are the only birds that not only use tools, but also make them themselves."
" David Attenborough is in the Swiss Jura Mountains to discover the secrets of a giant. Beneath his feet lies a vast network of tunnels and chambers, home to a huge empire of ants. It is believed to be one of the largest animal societies in the world, where over a billion ants from rival colonies live in peace. Their harmonious existence breaks many of the rules for both ants and evolution, and raises some important questions."
"In Bohemia, at the very heart of Europe, south of the Golden City of Prague and guarded by medieval castles, lies a hidden mosaic of lakes and gently flowing rivers, of misty forests and mysterious peat bogs."
This important wetland, shaped both by nature and man, is a magnet for plant, animal life and blue frogs and carp fist are caught for eating.
"The wide, often untouched wilderness of the Baltic hinterland is home to many animals. More than 350 brown bears live in the primeval forests of Alutaguse. In the spring, the Soomaa National Park transforms into a huge lake. Europe's widest waterfall is located in Latvia. In the beginning of May, vimba bream follow the course of the River Venta. More than 1000 wolves go on the hunt in Latvia's forests"
"Gentle, green meadows, rugged rock faces, mysterious lakes, dense forests, tall mountains, low-lying river deltas, quietly meandering mountain streams and smack dab in the middle, a unique fauna - Switzerland is an alpine country, with rare, selected animal species and present their behavioural patterns, such as the Swiss or Arven jay, the lynx and albino catfish."
It has been revered as the symbol of fortitude, wisdom, perseverance, and power of resistance. Its life cycle comprises almost 10 human life spans and provides space for more than 500 different species of animals and plants. It is the tree of trees: the oak tree.
I was trying to imagine how many old oaks and other hard wood trees were used to build ships of all kinds throughout history, trees were instrumental in the development of civilization, not to mention trees replenish the oxygen we breath….
Amber is filled with sunlight and mined from the Earth's crust, making it a darling of kings’ and alchemists' in the past. In this edition of Inland Visions, we head to Russia's Kaliningrad region to uncover its mysteries.
Host Sean Thomas discovers the source of this precious mineral with paleontologist Eduard Mychko, and then hears the legends that made it so magical from Amber Museum curator Irina Krivonos.
Will Sean finally get his hand's on some amber of his own? He's off to meet chief surveyor of the Kaliningrad Amber Combine Oleg Papin to see the mining process. And, artist Zhanna Lopatkina opens up her workshop to reveal the secrets of working with such a delicate material.
Pine Tree resin has the same color, it could be where amber comes from. Very Interesting Documentary.
Dear friends, today we would like to share with you the Free Food From Nature: How to Keep Wild Sorrel Fresh for Years video, we really hope you enjoy this video and share with your friends As a Country Life Vlog, we love to share what we do at countryside, engage with nature and make the most out of village life. Come and see the colorful videos of nature, unique cooking recipes and just the beautiful life at a countryside. Sit back and relax by watching our content!
So you think you've had strawberries- but have you had WILD STRAWBERRIES? Imagine the most delicious, tangy, sweet, juicy, and *strawberry* tasting strawberry you've ever had and then multiply it by ten! Then you'd come close to the flavor of a wild strawberry. As Wren, our narrator behind today's video puts it:
"Some people measure their riches in expensive cars, nice vacation homes, or luxury clothing. But that’s only stuff that you can buy with money. When I stand in my secret berry patch with a handful of strawberries, or when I look at a freezer full of wild berries tucked away, waiting the blustery winter day when I bring them out to give us a breath of spring-hope, I feel blessed beyond measure, and rich in something that no dollar could buy."
We all love sheep! Who doesn’t love sheep? They’re cute, they’re fluffy- they give us wool! And let us not forget how charming and cute Aardman’s Shaun the Sheep is! But some sheep aren’t identical, like Dolly. Some are very, very unique and strange. THESE are sheep you won’t believe actually exist!
For hundreds of millions of years, an abundance of large animals, the megafauna, was a prominent feature of the land and oceans. However, in the last few tens of thousands of years—a blink of an eye on many evolutionary and biogeochemical timescales—something dramatic happened to Earth’s ecology; megafauna largely disappeared from vast areas, rendered either actually or functionally extinct. Only in small parts of the world do megafauna exist at diversities anything close to their previous state, and, in many of these remaining regions, they are in a state of functional decline through population depletion and range contraction.
The last ice age peaked around 20,000 years ago. Glaciers covered huge areas of North America, Europe, South America, and Asia. The last ice age was during the Pleistocene epoch which was a geological period starting 2.6 million years ago and ending 11,700 years ago. This epoch saw many glacial and interglacial periods. When the climate was cooler, the glaciers advanced. When it was warmer, they retreated. During the last ice age, global temperatures were about 11 degrees Fahrenheit (or 6 degrees Celsius) cooler than today. This last ice age began 115,000 years ago and ended 11,700 years ago.
With cooler temperatures and a lot of ice cover, there was less precipitation and less rainfall. Snow and ice reflected more of the sun’s rays, only adding to the cold. In addition, sea levels were much lower as more of the oceans were locked up as ice. This resulted in land bridges that had previously been covered by the sea. These bridges allowed species to access islands from the mainland and even cross from one continent to another.